Bauhaus Architecture: History, Style & Characteristics

Nov 21, 2021

Bauhaus, school of design is a legacy, taught architecture, and applied arts in Germany from 1919 to 1933. It was founded in Weimar in 1925, Dessau through 1932. The Bauhaus School was founded by the architect Gropius, who combined two schools, the Weimar Academy of Arts and therefore the Weimar School of Arts and Crafts, into what he called the Bauhaus, or “house of building,” a status derived by reversing the German word Hausbau, “building of a house.” Gropius’s included the training of varied crafts, which he saw as associated to architecture, the matrix of the arts. By teaching students equally in art and in technically skilled craftsmanship.

Walter Gropius designed school in Dessau to reflect the Bauhaus values 

EVOLUTION

How did it evolve and how long did it stay?
Bauhaus as an academic institution existed in three cities—Weimar (1919 to 1925), Dessau (1925 to 1932), and Berlin (1932 to 1933).

Weimar, was where Gropius laid the foundation for Bauhaus; it's where he established principles that might be considered unrealistic for the time. Art, according to his philosophy the program, should serve a communal role and there should not be a separation of craft-based disciplines. At Weimar, the “stage workshop” was a crucial a part of the schooling. It brought together visual and humanistic discipline and stressed an interdisciplinary method.


Dessau was considered the hotspot within the heyday of Bauhaus. It ascended after the politically driven close of Weimar. During this point, it set out on the path of designing new industrial goods for mass consumption. It was also here that the famous Bauhaus structure was planned and built by Gropius. This recurrence of Bauhaus was softened on September 30, 1932.


Berlin was the last stage of Bauhaus. Rising pressures from the Nazis and reductions in funding, there was partial work done during this point. The allocation to Berlin happened after the finish of Dessau, and Bauhaus masters and students resumed in October 1932 out of an abandoned telephone factory. Even after facing perpetual closure, the effect and visual of the varsity persisted, ending within the Bauhaus movement.

DESIGN CHARACTERISTICS

Functional Shapes

Walter Gropius House, Lincoln, Massachusetts

Bauhaus design structures have slight to no embellishment or adornment, instead drawing attention to the modernized design. Bauhaus buildings have flat roofs to make an easy, geometric look.

Simple chairs to tubular chairs held up by an angular distance of steel tubing are another typical instance of Bauhaus interior design’s beautiful functionality: functional and easy, with geometric shapes. Another popular distinctive feature of Bauhaus design is abstract shapes, used economically in decoration, and a practical option for production.

Simple Color Schemes

Bauhaus’s functionalistic architecture and cheap materials proved the ideal combinations.

Bauhaus design aims for unity and ease, so architectural color schemes are often restricted to basic industrial colors like white, gray, and beige. In interior design, primary colors are frequently used—tones of red, yellow, or blue—sometimes all at once but more often in attentive, cautious ways (such as one red wall, or a yellow chair).

Industrial Materials.

A Flat Storey: The Bauhaus Building in Dessau

Bauhaus movement focuses on effortlessness and industrialism, it most frequently tries to include the fewest and unique materials, all of which are considered industrial, contemporary. These materials include glass, concrete, and steel.

Balanced Asymmetry

The Poli House by Carmel Market.

Bauhaus architecture and design intended visual stability through asymmetry. As a result, Bauhaus designers worked together to create a balance buildings and rooms by including a similar element throughout without making each side the same. A milestone example of this is often the Bauhaus building in Dessau, which includes several different shapes and angles while remaining solid with white paint and extensive window designs.

Holistic Design

Shell-Haus

Among the vital beliefs of Bauhaus design is mixing the school’s techniques into every element of life, including city design, street corners, building architecture, furniture design, appliances, eating utensils, and typography. This all-inclusive, integrated approach requires the designer to keep the school’s beliefs at the forefront of each choice they create when designing an area or building within the Bauhaus style.

BAUHAUS STYLE TODAY!

The Bauhaus school and class remains relevant to style today, not simply because of its history, but due to its philosophy that the marriage of form and performance remains the backbone of taste and class.
What we consider the classic contemporary look started with the Bauhaus school, and it extends into every art medium; architecture, interior design, graphic design, textiles, and fashion. One among the school's main viewpoints was that the connection between teacher and student was a cooperative one, and within the end it was about reaching a standard goal. For this reason, the Bauhaus school was successful and impactful - they checked out a world they thought might be better and worked to enhance it in their way. They broke down the weather, simplified them, then built them copy.

Let’s take a look at some Bauhaus structures!

Bauhaus Studio Building in Dessau, Germany

There’s no better thanks to knowledge Bauhaus than to stay overnight within the iconic Bauhaus building in Dessau. this can be where Bauhaus wards once lived and worked. The studio building completed in 1926 is understood because the Preller Haus, a status adopted from an identical studio in Weimar and commemorates the court painter Friedrich Preller. There are 28 studios altogether, each of which is around 20 sqm. If you’re there, make sure to direct over to the close by Masters’ Houses where school leaders and folklores like Gropius once lived.

Closing Thoughts!

Today, Bauhaus is usually attributed because the catalyst for contemporary architecture and furniture and as a crucial influence on mid-20th century painting and sculpture. Some buildings—including Bauhaus Dessau, a UNESCO World Heritage Site—have been changed into visitor destinations and house museums, while many major modern art museums incorporate the works of art into their permanent displays and popular exhibitions. There is nothing ornate about these buildings at all, but this is where style meets function.

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Arpitha Acharya

Arpita is always in the quest to discover new experiences. She is relentless in conveying thoughts & sharing her explorations. Her only forte is writing & sometimes communicating with furry animals.