Charles Correa: A Pioneer In Urban Design

Mar 30, 2022

Charles Correa! Who has not heard his name before? He is a famous Indian architect and was born on September 1, 1930 in Secunderabad, Telangana. This well-known architect and urban planner was known for applying modernist design principles of contemporary times to local climate and building styles.

The initial works of Charles Correa had a traditional touch where he tried to blend local cultural values in them. Some of the major characteristics of his work included traditional symmetrical spaces, modernist use of materials, exemplary concrete forms, and sensitivity towards site were. He always designed buildings that complemented the context and landscapes of India.

Unlike many other urban planners, Correa adopted the use of low-rise to solve the housing problems and emphasized on a human scale. He created spaces combining all necessary facilities and generated a sense of community among all his urban projects.

Charles Correa has been an extraordinary promoter of passive techniques in architecture. He did not support the utilization of mechanical strategies for warming or cooling the structures off. Rather than a dynamic method for cooling, Correa favoured smart shading, intelligent use of building orientation, controlled breeze, and methods to enhance heat absorption abilities of masonry. He proposed another residing style that he clarified as, "involving a house in a nomadic way", that implied utilizing various pieces of the house at various times relying on the latent frameworks utilized. These procedures of Correa were not restricted to the limited scale houses just however he involved them for huge designs too remembering the Gandhi Ashram for Ahmedabad, the British Council in Delhi, and surprisingly elevated structures. He presented courtyards in his skyscraper private pinnacles in this way giving ideal everyday environments at such statutes too.

Correa worked under both Indian and global impacts. He generally needed his undertakings to work with their own quintessence however, in a coordinated and refined manner. He concocted inventive plans to further develop their qualities as he, when all is said and done, clarifies it as, "Our urban communities are among the best things that we have; they are important for the abundance of India. They are spots of trust. The abilities we really want are metropolitan abilities – we never need to request that the World Bank send us a specialist on the grounds that our urban areas as of now give them." However, he generally attempted to keep his urban areas from hopeless conditions and furnish them with cleared ways, sensible everyday environments, feeling of local area, and controlled the expanding development rate with all around proposed metropolitan preparation. Along these lines, his commitments for the minimal expense haven and settling lodging issues in underdeveloped nations will forever be recollected.

Some of his notable buildings and structures -

The McGovern Institute for Brain Research in Boston

The Kanchanjunga Apartments in Mumbai

The Jawahar Kala Kendra in Jaipur

The Tube House, Ahmedabad

National Crafts Museum

“Mahatma Gandhi Memorial”, at the Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad

Correa taught in various universities, both in India and abroad, including MIT and Harvard University (both in Cambridge, Massachusetts) and the University of London. His many honors incorporated the Padma Shri (1972) and Padma Vibushan (2006), two of India's most elevated distinctions; the Royal Gold Medal for Architecture (1984) from the Royal Institute of British Architects; the Praemium Imperiale prize for engineering (1994), granted by the Japan Art Association; and the Aga Khan Award for Architecture (1998).

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Sriya Singh

Sriya brings the verities to the world by stitching her soul into the fabric of words. Making it to the ground, she is always on toes to plunge into new deals to discover the intricate folds of life.