Everything You Need To Know About Engineered Stone

Mar 17, 2022

The construction material is getting progressed as there are multitudes of improvements in construction and building materials. Sometimes we need enhancement in the naturally obtained material, as the engineered stone is manufactured, that enables it to achieve the consistency that is not seen in natural stone.

Engineered Stone is manufactured from natural materials, made with a mixture of stone or quartz or granite aggregates with a combination of resins and pigments. Engineered slabs have the combination of 90 percent ground natural quartz, very less portion nearly 10 percent polyresin. Percentages vary with the brand and manufacturer.

A wide range of colors and scenic crystal displays are available with a uniform pattern and consistent allocation of color. Engineered stone comes with a variety of great characteristics including nonporous and resistance to bacteria, and viruses.

Furthermore, engineered stone is one of the fastest-growing surfacing materials. The development of engineered stone began in the 1960s, till the 1980s the research of artificial stone was formulated and the evolution of processing equipment became developed.

Advantages and Uses of Engineered Stone:

Durability: Engineered stones are durable and hard with great chip and crack resistance.
Cost-Effective: Engineered stones are available in variety with less money tag.
Aesthetically Appealing: You can obtain the perfect elegance with engineered stone. Available in an extensive collection of colors, patterns, and textures. The engineered stone can add the element of class to your decor.
Ease in Maintenance: Very easy to clean and maintain, stain-resistant and efficiently cleaned, and good for daily maintenance.
Numerous Applications: With the great characteristics of nonporous and durable, engineered stones are widely used for kitchen countertops to the bathroom, walls, floor, and many other decors.

Engineered stone includes different categories like engineered marble, porcelain slab, solid surface, and many more. The different engineered stones have different applications. Let’s see these engineered stone types in detail.

Engineered Marble:

Marble is used in famous structures like the Taj Mahal, Parthenon, and Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, the massive mausoleum is entirely made up of marble and is one of the seven wonders of the world. Marble is always considered an elegant and luxurious stone.

The marble has been the savviest home decor material choice for both interior and exterior use because of its squeaky-clean refinement. The use is done from flooring to the top kitchen counter, marble is always standout. It enriches the prevailing beauty of the complete look and adds elegance.

Engineered marble is made from natural stone and composite of crushed stone heated and bound together. Natural stone is porous but engineered marble is less pervious to moisture. The engineered marble has great characteristics that are more resistant to scratches and stains than that of the quarried or cultured marble. Even it does not require other special cleaning or polishing that makes it easy to use in the house.

Engineered marble is also a progressed material, individuals who know about it tend to choose this type of rather casual marble.

Whereas, there are still many who are unaware of details on engineered marble and as a new user, you should know the following aspects in a bit more detail.

History of Marble:

Almost all of the engineered stones are formed employing a similar patented process developed by Breton SpA. It is an Italian company, one of the first that started the production of equipment for working natural stone.

Engineered marble is made into slabs form that consists of 95% crushed natural marble pieces within very less portion of resin. The whole marble slab is consistent throughout the full thickness. In short, engineered marble is a combination of both real marble and engineered quartz.

Engineered Marble for the Table Top

Advantages of Engineered Marble:

Colors and Design: Engineered marble has natural patterns, colors, and finishes with greater depth and gradation.
Care and Cleaning: Higher resistance to staining, scratches, and bacteria growth.
Durability and Repair: The carve is repairable on engineered marble. Engineered marble has the ability to take the heat a bit better.
Cost-Effective: Natural stone has a higher price depending on the color and quality, Whereas, engineered stone allocates a luxurious feel with very less money
Appearance: The engineered marble is available in a diverse range of colors and styles. Engineered marble is very valuable for projects where the level of consistency has to be achieved. In the case of offices or companies where there is a need of maintaining continuity to illustrate identical countenances.
Maintenance: Engineered marble is easy to care for. Built with non-porous properties and need no maintenance so as to don’t require sealing.

Manufacturing: Engineered marble is manufactured with a composite of materials. The quality might depend on the amount and type of crushed stone used, chemicals used, and the heating temperature.

Porcelain Slab:

Even with the extreme use of engineered stone, the use of porcelain in the house is very common. Whereas, in the past porcelain, slabs have been overlooked for some time due to a few disadvantages. But now we can say that Porcelain has made a strong come back. There is a lot of transformations that have made porcelain strong, durable, and widely used for various applications. Available on a wide variety of looks and numerous design choices making its use flexible.

Porcelain is a combination of raw materials like clay and minerals such as kaolinite and feldspar, these materials are heated at extremely high temperatures. Porcelain was used primarily as pottery. It was also purely known for its great ability to mix with glazes and paints.

Porcelain Slab from StoneLam

The numerous application of porcelain includes:

Full-size porcelain slabs are considerable as massive tiles. Porcelain slabs for kitchen countertops, bathroom, shower walls, fireplace designs, and even wall cladding.

Manufacturing of porcelain:

Porcelain is created from a combination of different clay types. The china clay with a high percentage of a mineral that kaolinite with silica, feldspar, and other mineral oxides all together adds the strength and durability in porcelain. The kiln is a common method fused for heating the porcelain material at extremely high temperatures.

Porcelain is available in glazed and unglazed, you can add the pigmented glazes during manufacturing to produce different colors and patterns on the porcelain slab used for different functions.

Porcelain Full Body Tiles:

Full-body porcelain tiles are available in both glazed and unglazed tiles made with natural clays depending on application. The name suggests the full body of the tile is designed for the surface and is available in different colors. Give the rich look to your floor with this porcelain full body tile.

Application:

Ideal for flooring for the heavy foot traffic, as the porcelain tile is resistant to wear and can carry the heavy load. Great as roof tiles, balconies due to their weather resistance with great ability to absorb less heat. Easier to install and has great durability with a combination of longevity and maintenance. Porcelain tiles are skid-resistant, comes with both glaze and matte finish

Can be used for parking tiles, covering the garage and parking area, and also any other outdoor area including the porch.

Functional for both indoor and outdoor applications:

The porcelain tiles are known for their strength and durability, widely being used for outdoor paving. Including outdoor options, it is also taking place for the interior decor.

You can make your home look aesthetic and luxurious with the use of porcelain floor and wall tile.

Porcelain Slab from StoneLam

What Are the characteristics of Porcelain Slabs?

Strength: Porcelain is considered 30% stronger than granite. The slabs are dense with better resistance to cracking, scratching, and general wear. It has great durability.
Exterior Use: Also great for exterior use. Resistant to weathering conditions including heat, humidity, wind, and rain.
Availability: Porcelain slabs are easy to emerge in other types of material slabs. Also, available in diverse colors, consistent looks, and patterns.
Ease of Cleaning and Maintenance: Porcelain slabs are the easiest material to clean and maintain and are often a great affordable option.
Solid Surface: A solid surface is a man-made slab that is composed of alumina trihydrate (ATH), acrylic, epoxy, and a combination of these things with resins, colors, or pigments. Applications of solid surfaces vary but are usually seen as countertops. The solid surface is workable that can be cut, routed, and sanded just like wood and used.

Solid surfaces:

Solid Surface Palette from Drulax

Solid surfaces are used in the following:

The use of solid surface is done widely, whereas in case of kitchen countertop to give aesthetic look but also needs good performance and resists heat solid surface is one of the preferable choices. Following are the few application of Solid Surface:

Kitchen: kitchen countertops with incorporated sink.

Bathroom: Bathroom wall incorporated with bathtub.

Hospitality/Catering: Tables, reception desks, and many more.

Shop Fitting: For the displays, counters, and also as wall cladding, etc

Commercial or Public Buildings: For aesthetic look, museums, conference rooms, etc

Hospitals and Labs: Used as laboratory countertops and many more

Airports: Check-in counters, receptions

Solid Surface feature wall from Durlax

Composition of Solid Surface:

The solid surface combination may vary with its function but mostly it consists of 33-percent acrylic resin and about 66-percent natural minerals, like one-third man-made, and two-thirds all-natural minerals.

Solid surfaces are the affordable option to have a uniform appearance. It is also non-porous, and stain resistant. It needs easy.. maintenance and is easy to repair.

Solid surfaces' main characteristic is that they get easily fabricated. This surface can be mimicked in different styles, patterns, colours, and even stone. Solid surface is available in numerous colours and visual textures. Also used for personal home decor to commercial complex decors.

Achieving the desired look for decor, floor, countertops, wall cladding, and many more in houses and even for commercial buildings needs an understanding of materials. The more you have the understanding, the more you can achieve decor and also affordability. You can choose wisely by knowing the insights of materials.

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