What is the difference between Modern and Postmodern Architecture?

Jun 07, 2022

Modern and Postmodern architecture both refer to a design movement that emerged to be an evolution in design and architecture. Modern Architecture started in the late 19th and early 20th century while Postmodern began in the mid-20th century.

Although they might as well follow similar key ideas in design, there are still massive differences between the Modernist and Postmodernist architecture. The Predecessor for Modern was Nordic Classicism and that for Postmodern Architecture was Neoliberalism Architecture.

The main difference between these architectural styles are the early styles. Modernist Architecture refers to the departure significantly from classical and traditional forms and Postmodernist architecture styles refer to the reaction against modernism (characterized by the deliberate use of earlier styles and conventions, a mixing of different styles and forms).

Modern Architecture: Gustavo Capanema Palace
Postmodern Architecture: Steigenberger Hotel in Egypt

Postmodern vs Modern Architecture:

Postmodern architecture style appeared because of carelessness of history and culture in modern architecture.

• At the point when modern architecture was at its pinnacle, numerous notable structures went under renovation. In any case, they pursued the direction of modern architecture. This brought about the elimination of old structures to supplant them with modern attributes.

• Architects Denise Scott Brown and Robert Venturi acquainted the Postmodern Movement with the entire world.

Design features: Modern vs Postmodern Architecture

  • As we as a whole realize postmodernism was to break the modern style. Hence, it was the very inverse of what modern architecture was. We should examine how postmodern architecture goes against modern architecture.
  • Postmodern architecture zeroed in on imagination and ornamentation. Modern architecture utilizes more rearranged and negligible components.
  • Creativity and neighborhood setting were exceptionally viewed as in postmodern architecture structures. Nonetheless, modern structures had a reason and capacity.
  • The structures additionally developed from neutral colors to brilliant ones in the postmodern style.
  • Postmodern architecture style can head down any path while modern architecture is very solid.
  • Postmodern architecture is trusted in consolidating components from verifiable building styles. In any case, modern architecture was tied in with reexamining all that without any preparation.
  • There were no principles in the postmodern plan, one was allowed to analyze. This was not the situation with modern architecture.
  • As we all know postmodernism was to break the modern style. Therefore, it was exactly the opposite of what modern architecture was. Let’s have a look at how postmodern architecture contradicts modern architecture.
  • Postmodern architecture focused on creativity and ornamentation. Modern architecture uses more simplified and minimal elements.
  • Originality and local context were highly considered in postmodern architecture buildings. However, modern buildings had a purpose and function.
  • The buildings also evolved from neutral colors to bright ones in the postmodern style.
  • Postmodern architecture style can go in any direction while modern architecture was quite stiff.
  • Postmodern architecture believed in incorporating elements from historical architectural styles. However, modern architecture was about reinventing everything from scratch.
  • There were no rules in postmodern design, one was free to experiment. This was not the case with modern architecture.
Stylistic Characteristics of Postmodern Architecture With Examples -  Historyplex
An example of Postmodernist Architecture - Lotus Temple, New Delhi 
The Most Expensive Home In The World: Antilia - Design Addict
An example of Modern Architecture in India - Antilia House, Mumbai 

To conclude, Modern and Postmodern architecture both highlight the notion of functionality of design and its place making, but in contradictory ways. Modern architecture focuses on creating a relationship between the material and structure by relating and adopting them to their present technological era, Whereas Post-modernist architecture emphasizes the vitality of historical elements in design. Furthermore, Modern architecture highlights the pure functions in design, whereas Postmodernism considers the aesthetic values in design.


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