Let's start with the basics, Marble is a metamorphic rock mainly made of calcium carbonate. The limestone is exposed to high temperatures and pressures deep in the Earth’s crust. This will lead to change in the physical and internal of the limestone leading to the re-crystallizes that drive to form the solid rock that is interlocking calcite crystals known as marble.
Marble is derived from the ancient Greek word ‘marmaros’, and also the old Irish word ‘marmar.' Meaning of this word refers to ‘shining stone.’ Marble has a great history and the breathtaking stone’s artistic style is why it is still considered a luxurious and great aesthetic piece.
Marble is one of the oldest natural stones. Marble has been a favored countertop material for a long time. Obtainable in a wide range of colors that includes great physical properties useful for constructing both decorative and functional pieces.
Marble is a type of metamorphic stone composed of calcite or dolomite. Whereas, marble is referred to as metamorphosed limestone, despite its use is in stonemasonry, rather easy to say that it contains no metamorphosed limestone. The use of marble is done for sculpture and as a building material. Metamorphic rocks are formed with the process of Metamorphism, which means an incremental change in the form. The process of Foliation is the repetitive layering in metamorphic rocks.
Marbles are immaculate white and also have color veins as the presence of the various minerals in the limestone. Marble is a hard rock and also reactant to acidic substances, as it transforms colors while exposed to substances. Natural marble is very popular and used for modern home decor, walls, sculptures, kitchen, stairs, toilet, and many more.
Characteristics of Marble:
- Marble is crafted from naturally occurring limestone and has excellent heat resistance.
- Available in colors and textures, and is built naturally making each piece a unique particularity to another piece.
- Marbles are attractive and add magnificence as a decor.
- It is quite heavy and hard.
- Mable is long-lasting and can be a memorable piece.
- Natural Marble has generally light shade colors.
- The Marble shades and type depends on the region they originate, conditions, and presence of impurities like clay and iron oxides has different shades like pink, blue, yellow, and black.
- So the Pure Marble is white in color and the bright white shade marble is crushed and refined into a fine powder. The whitening process of removing all the impurities is performed.
- Marble’s formula is Calcium carbonate it is reactive and effective neutralizing agents.
- The marble can be polished and achieve fine luster efficiency.
All the tests to determine the functionality, strength, and ability of Marble are determined. The properties like porosity, density, solubility especially in water, and luster of Marble are taken into consideration.
Other mechanical properties like the combined strength, compressive strength, flexural strength, abrasion resistance, water absorption coefficient, polishing surface appearance, and hardness give an idea of the overall structure and composition of Marble.
Types of Marbles:
The types of Marble depends on colors, minerals, pattern, and various different category.
- Pentelic marble is pure-white with fine-grained and semi-translucent marble type from Greece,
- There is a wide range of white marble types. Calacatta is a natural calcitic white marble.
- Statuarietto is unique compact white, medium-fine grain marble, used for interior floors and walls, as well as kitchen worktops.
- Cream marble includes the largest range of varieties and most widely used marble types too.
- Brown Marble is available with one of the most versatile colors, used as a decorative.
- Pink marble is used for a number of different things, used in interior areas.
- Blue Marble comes in a variety of shades like deep blue hues, light blue shades, and gray tones.
Applications of Natural Marble:
Marble means a crystalline and shining rock built with the ability to glean and shine.
- Potential uses of Marble are diverse from interior and exterior
- Used for interior and exterior paving.
- Used for Kitchen, living room and also for bathroom.
- Natural marble types are principally used for interior decoration.
- Used for the exterior walls with their endurance in the exterior ability of uniform and nonporous.
- Marble is used in floor tiles, stair treads, window sills, and panels used for decoration.
- Marble is more affordable since it is available in abundance.
- Marble is a translucent stone, and allows light to enter delivering the soft "glow." Posses the ability to get high polished, making it compatible to create sculptures.
- Many of the world's most famous sculptures are built with marble-like Greek goddess, Aphrodite of Milos, a statue of David, and many more.
- Marble of incredibly pure white color and can be used to produce a product known as whitenings like white powder pigment, brightener, and filler in paint, paper, and other products.
- Marble is also used as a cemetery marker, easy and economical to cut and engrave.
- The memorials structure, building, are also built using different types of Marble. Taj Mahal is built extensively throughout marble, the Supreme Court was built using several different types of marble.
The foremost use of Marble goes back to 438 BC. Here, in the fast-forward modern day, we have been using marble for a wide range of purposes both ways of structural and aesthetic.
The majority of use for tile and countertops is due to their resistance to breaking, cracking, and scratching. With high durability, marble is also incorporated in using design elements.
The reason to not pick marble might be extraordinarily expensive but in another case, it is turn out to be less expensive. Cost varies with the thickness and type of marble used. Marble is one of the longest-lasting stones used for solid-surface and gives an opportunity to appreciate the magnificent beauty of marble for a lifetime. The use of marble is increasing especially for artificial/cultured marbles creating the decor piece in an affordable range.
Granite word is derived from the Latin word 'granum,' which means 'grain.' Granite is a coarse-grained, plutonic type of igneous rock composed mostly of quartz (10-50%), alkali feldspar, and plagioclase. Also, many of the granitic rocks contain mica or amphibole minerals and almost no dark minerals.
It is believed that granite has formed 300 million years ago and of the oldest igneous rock. The use of granite has been done to build many of the famous monuments and memorials throughout the world. Natural Granite is a great building material and in use since the time of Ancient Egyptians.
Statue of Liberty Vietnam Veterans Memorial is great example of granite work.
Even granite is formed with igneous, most of the granite is formed either by melting, partial melting, or metamorphism of deeply buried shale and sandstone.
Granite is the spot in the upper few kilometers of the Earth's crust even the evidence of forceful intrusion into surrounding rocks, on the other hand, granites that formed deeper in the crust does not seem to be forcefully put in place. Each and every granite are unique, you will not find two granite exactly alike.
Made up of an intrusive igneous rock made with magma with a high content of silica and alkali metal oxides. This hot magma gets slowly cools and solidifies. Granite is composed mostly of coarse-grained quartz and feldspars in varying proportions. Classification of granite can be relatively done by the percentages of quartz, alkali feldspar, and plagioclase.
Granites are the amplest plutonic rocks, usually closely associated with quartz monzonite, granodiorite, diorite, and gabbro.
Types of Granite:
The two physical properties of granite that determine granite type are its texture and its color. Granite has the coarse-grained texture like mineral grains are visible to the naked eye.
The granite color of granite relies more on the kind of feldspar present in the rock. So, the potassium-rich feldspar has the shade of red or pinkish-tan, whereas an excess of sodium-rich feldspar is mostly white or gray in color, abundant in quartz and minerals that make up amphibole, likely get a black and white. The minerals combination has an impact on the colors.
- Quartz: Milky white color
Feldspar: opaque white
The 100% white granite is more of a man-made rock.
- Pink Granite
Potassium Feldspar: Salmon pink color
- Black Granite
Amphibole: black or dark green color
All black rock is not granite, as granite must contain at least 20% quartz.
- Black and White Granite
It has equal parts quartz, feldspar, and amphibole.
- Red Granite
The potassium-feldspar gives a redder than pinker color.
- Blue Granite
Anorthosite rock that contains abundant blue labradorite is sometimes sold as blue granite.
- Green Granite
Green coloration is due to inclusions of serpentine. The green coloration is the inclusion of amazonite, a green variety of feldspar.
- Muscovite: Metallic gold or yellow color
- Feldspar: Off-white color
- Biotite: Black or dark brown color
Characteristics of Granite:
The combination of minerals led to form the Granite with distinctive textures, features, patterns, and colors.
- Granite is massive and often mined in very large sizes.
- Hard and tough to resist abrasion, and withstand the considerable weight. Resistant to the ravages of the harshest climates.
- Possess immaculate beauty through the Bright shiny face.
- Resistant to chips, stains, scratches, chemicals, and heat.
- Proper upkeep it natural granite lasts for a lifetime.
- It is a very affordable option and durable at the same time.
- Granite hardness ranks between 6 and 7 on the Mohs scale.
Applications of Natural Granite:
- Granite is employed as a building and ornamental stone.
- Granite has a wide range of useful applications and most demanding for the decorate; dining table, kitchen counter, flooring, decoration of stair. Also, use of natural granite is done to clad the stairs. Use for small, large, aesthetic, and exterior work.
- Suitable for many types of architecture works.
- Granites have been used widely as flooring tiles, window sills, etc.
- Used in residential buildings, commercial buildings, monuments.
- Used to construct temples, monuments, that are known to last long.
- Granite used in ancient and historic buildings, it can get polished to a beautiful sheen or clad in another and used as supporting pillars.
- With the property of modest patterning, granite is a perfect complement as flooring.
- Suitable for outdoors as paving slabs, external building blocks, or cladding.
- Being available in various colors, easy to create mosaic or tile patterns.
- An ideal choice for a backsplash or tiled bathroom.
- Affordable granite is used for various beautiful decor pieces.
Marble vs. Granite
It is common to compare Marble and Granite. Both marble and granite make a beautiful countertop surface. Marble has a more consistent color. Granite is a winner in durability and hardness. Granite is more strong and durable and makes it more resistant to scratching and chipping than marble. Both granite and marble are relatively resistant to heat.
Granite might need a little bit of maintenance as compared to marble. You need time and money for marble maintenance. Both need sealants to avoid staining and liquids penetration.
Marble and Granite have their own unique properties and properties. Some find marble more attractive and some find granite depending on personal choice and use. Both have a different appearance from each other. You can find numerous varieties in both Marble and Granite. You can choose depending on your design preferences.
Finding suitable marble or Granite is also not that easy because of its numerous types of availability. Arkihive considers this a big hassle and helps in aiding to be the platform to connect you with the suitable marble. Offering an intelligent interface to get recognition and bridge the gap between multiple facets of the construction industry.