Different Types of Glass and Mirrors

Sep 13, 2022

Glass and mirrors are very common materials used for regular purposes. In this blog we will be covering their various types.


Glass is a transparent solid material made from natural and abundant raw materials such as sand, soda ash, and limestone. The raw materials are melted at very high temperatures that form glass. The glass at high temperature is similar to liquids, whereas in the ambient temperature it acts like solids. This makes glass to be poured, blown, pressed and molded in various shapes.

Glass is at least 3,600 years ago, according to archaeological evidence indicating that the first true glass was made in coastal north Syria, Mesopotamia, or Egypt. Glass was initially developed with the accidental by-products of metal-working or during the production of faience.

In India, the Development of glass was initiated in 1,730 BCE. The use of glass has been in the manufactured variety of objects including vessels, beads, windows, and was even used in jewellery. The glass manufacturing processes have constantly developed from ages to modern high-tech industrial with the increase of various glass types and its applications. Glass is one of the construction materials that gives an aesthetic look wherever used.


Following are the different types of glasses that are commonly used:

1. Plain Glass

2. Lacquered Glass

3. Toughened Glass

4. Etched Glass

1. Plain Glass

Plain glass gives the clear crystal look and classic finish and also gives a better view. The name of plain glass itself suggests it is a transparent solid piece. Plain glass also known as float glass. This type of glass is mostly formed by rapid cooling of the molten form and natural glass is volcanic glass.

The types of manufactured glass are silicate glasses that are based on the chemical compound silica. Raw materials free from iron impurity with negligible iron are used for making clear glass.

The plain glass also has the classification like clear glass and extra clear glass. Some Float glasses have a natural greenish tint whereas there are completely colourless edge glass that are extra clear glass. Glasses possess desirable properties that serve as applications in the modern era. Plain or clear Glass are formed without any tint being transparent giving the clear finish, colourless.

Plain Glass

Application & Benefits of Plain Glass:

  • Clear glass is versatile and has a wide range of applications.
  • The use of plain glass is done for partitions.
  • No distortion of colours so gives clear outside view.
  • Used as doors and window.
  • Clear glasses allows maximum sunlight to pass through it.
  • Used in shower frames, table tops, office desks, shop counters, tableware, optics, and also skylight.
  • For various interior applications.
  • This glasses are also used in solar panels, medical equipment, etc.
  • Other commercial used can be storage of jewelry in shops, watches, or any other items in galleries and museum.
  • Also commonly used in furniture and display cabinets.

2. Lacquered Glass

Lacquered glass is especially used as interior works and as decorative glass. This glass gives an opaque appearance and brilliant color as it includes a layer of color coating.

Lacquer is basically a tinted liquid that is specially used to paint on wood or metal. These glasses give visual appeal. It is also built with various abilities as it is highly endurable, resists moisture and heat, with great durability for long-lasting.

It is also 100% recyclable and non-toxic. Lacquered glass is available in a wide range of attractive shades. Glass and tinted colors are combined giving shiny and colored surfaces. With all the functions lacquered glass needs very low maintenance. It is a new aesthetic for offices, homes in modern-day designs.

Applications & Features of Lacquered Glass:

  • Lacquered glass is used as wall panels, gives the appealing visuals.
  • Modern and trendy used for furniture including the tabletops, countertops, wardrobe door.
  • Superb finish and can change the look of a room at the instant.
  • Also, used to create lift lobbies more aesthetic or interesting.
  • In kitchens spaces for wall panels, counters, cupboards, open cabinets and many more.
  • Lacquered glass is used in washrooms for washbasin surface cladding, bathroom walls give modish look.

3. Toughened Glass

Toughened glass is also known as tempered glass or safety glass. The name of glass toughened itself suggests that it is robust and sturdy. This glass undergoes a controlled process of thermal treatment that increases glass strength. This glass is four times stronger than the normal annealed glass.

Toughened has great bending strength. Specially used as safety glass, including external windows, external or internal doors like a balcony.

The risk of thermal damage is not in the case of toughened glass. It can withstand heat. This glass is solid and possesses the ability to withstand surface compression. Also has reduced the risk of damage even if they come in contact with an accident or disaster. Tempered glass is highly flexible and versatile that can be used for various needs and requirements. Available in various styles

Applications & Benefits of Toughened Glass:

  • Used for glass handrails, shelves, tabletops, and also used in lifts.
  • Used in offices as facades, gives an aesthetic look and also maximizes the use of natural light.
  • These glasses are also used on doors that can be without a frame. According to the need, toughened glass can offer privacy or they can have clear visibility.
  • Offers the utmost safety for showroom, home, shop windows.
  • Use of toughened glass is done for skylights due to their strength.
  • Commonly used in high rise buildings as posses the air pressure also are lightweight.
  • Toughened glass is suited for glass partitions.
  • This glass is great for daily wear and tear as it does not get damaged easily.
  • Preferable to be used in varied ways and different applications.

4. Etched Glass

Etched glass is also known as frosted glass is custom-designed with the etchings that are done on the glass that gives a different appearance.

The professional Etching is mostly done with the help of a machine. Etched glass is used as decorated and personalized glass items. Similar to the wine glasses, tumblers, plates, pantry doors, or many other. Etched glass has a decorative design that has been cut into the surface with the corrosive action of an acid. The surface can be rough and frosted, smooth, translucent, or in any other way different as per the requirement. The engraving and enameling are done to have a decorative design. Used for bathroom entry doors and many different interior spaces.

The etching of the gradients and opacity levels will not peel, chip, or wear. Whereas, it gives an appealing look for several years. Etched glasses are mostly popular for making a glass nameplate, key chains, and other items.

Etched Glass

Applications & Benefits of Etched Glass:

  • Etched glass gives privacy and also light control. Giving the privacy that bedrooms needed. So it is good to be used for bedroom windows.
  • Great to be used in libraries that comes with privacy and needed silence.
  • In offices and cabins for privacy, also adds an appealing look, and enough natural light.
  • Used as a balcony partition, where the balance of sunlight is needed for the plants.
  • Used for bathroom windows, sliding bathroom doors, or shower screens.
  • Etched glass is made with toughened glass that will offer safety and will not break even under high impact.
  • This glass is also given an aesthetic look, and available with a number of customizations, giving a stylish, elegant look.
  • The etched glass needs low-maintenance and also long-lasting.
  • Used as a partition in office, or room or balcony.
  • Other uses of etched glass can be to install doors, interior screens, false ceiling/roofing, stairs, bathrooms, and many more.


Mirrors are the most common thing available in almost all the residential places. It can be in any form, shape, and size. We will talk about following two types of mirrors in detail.

  1. Plane Mirror
  2. Tinted Mirror

1. Plane Mirror

A plane mirror is a flat reflective surface that makes an image of objects. If light rays strike on plane mirrors, the light gets reflected at an angle that is equal to the angle of incidence. The image formed is always upright of the same shape and size as of the object.

In the case of Plane mirrors, the object produces a virtual image that is erect and of the same size just with lateral inversion. Your left hand seems to be the right hand and vice versa. A plane mirror is a flat surface without any inward or outward curve. These mirrors are almost used anywhere as it is the most standard type of mirror.

Almost all the mirrors have the same function to show the reflection. Whereas according to their reflection, light classification is done in 3 types: concave, convex, and plane Mirror. The use of mirrors is very common, it is used to see yourself but also mirrors are used for other purposes too. Nowadays mirrors are also used for aesthetic purposes. The different shapes and sizes of mirrors are available and used for decoration purposes.

The mirror is used in bathrooms, rooms, used as wall cladding, and also as partition wall but combined with strong partition. To check yourself ensuring you look presentable, check your outfit. Especially a full-length mirror in the bedroom or the entryway is more convenient.

The mirror can effectively illuminate a dark room by bouncing off light from natural and artificial light sources.

The mirror is a great decorative element. The mirror can help to make small, narrow rooms look like they are enlarged. The mirror helps to bring attention to a wall in case you don't want to use other decorative pieces or paintings. Mirror use can be great. Also great to hide any faults on the walls so that they can easily be covered.

Plane Mirror

2. Tinted Mirror

The tinted mirror is the high-end design and newest trend of using a mirror. It is the modern, tinted mirrors that are functional with a reflective surface. You can easily incorporate the tinted mirror in daily use.

Features of Tinted Mirrors:

  • The tinted mirror is enormous, creating visual interest.
  • It has a coat of diversity of colors giving different mirror choices.
  • There are various ways tinted mirrors offer a piece of art and design.
  • The colored tone appears to give the perfect design and is described as the visual touch.

Tinted mirrors vary as some are a two-toned look. You can get the customized shape and size of your choice. Also, tinted mirrors are available in bold shapes. Available in large and small, and different colors. The use of tinted mirrors varies with function. Starting from basic reflection use. Used in bathrooms, wall cladding, staircases, used as decoration, on the furniture and used as much other application.

Above we have covered the common types of glass and mirrors. You can easily find these types on Arkihive. Download the app now to get connected with brands and vendors to enquire about various construction materials.


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